Diagnosis: A concussion is an injury to the brain that can occur with quick movement changes or contact to the head. This injury can result in instant or delayed changes to the brain’s function. Depending on location of the injury and number of occurrences, changes may be temporary or permanent. Diagnoses do not typically rely on an MRI or CT scan as abnormalities following concussion often to not show, despite a concussion having occurred.

Physical Symptoms:

  • Headache, dizziness, balance and coordination changes, nausea/vomiting, increased fatigue, trouble sleeping, vision/hearing changes, slurred speech, seizures

Cognitive Symptoms:

  • Difficulty with memory (short/long term), confusion, decreased processing speed, trouble concentrating, “fogginess”

Emotional Symptoms:

  • Anxiety, irritability, depression, mood swings, restlessness, change in personality, decreased tolerance for stress

Long Term Symptoms:

  • Fatigue, weight gain, muscle weakness, decreased blood pressure, chronic headaches, dizziness, dementia, growth problems, loss of sexual drive

Causes: Common causes include:

  • Car accidents
  • Work accidents
  • Accidents at the playground
  • Sports injuries
  • Falling
  • Violent events such as physical abuse or being close to an explosion

Our Physical Therapy Treatment: Goals of physical therapy will be to reduce symptoms experienced due to the concussion and allow a safe a return to functional, leisure, and sport activities. No concussion has the exact same effects, therefore it is imperative for the therapist to develop and individualized treatment plan. Treatments might include:

  • Guidelines on rest and recovery
  • Mechanical diagnosis/treatment for cervical impairments
  • Vestibular rehab
  • Balance training
  • Oculomotor training
  • Endurance and strength training
  • Return to sport/work exercises
  • Education on safety precautions for future injury prevention