Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

tarsal-tunnel-anatomical-illustrationDiagnoses: The tarsal tunnel is a canal that forms between the bump on the inside of the ankle and a band of ligaments that stretches across the foot. The tibial nerve runs through the tarsal tunnel and provides sensation to the bottom of the foot. When the nerve is compressed, it is called tarsal tunnel syndrome.

Symptoms: Symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome can vary but typically include:

  • Shooting pain in the foot
  • Numbness
  • Tingling/burning sensations of the foot

Causes: Tarsal tunnel syndrome can occur following injury or disease, or due to the shaping of a person’s foot. Other potential causes include:

  • Flat feet/fallen arches
  • Excessive swelling due to an injury
  • Arthritis or diabetes
  • Other enlarged structures including varicose veins, cysts, swollen tendons, or bone spurs

Our Physical Therapy Treatment: Treatment will be dependent on the patient and their response to exercise. Treatment might include:

  • Mechanical diagnoses/treatment
  • Stretching exercises
  • Lower extremity strengthening exercises
  • Manual mobilizations
  • Soft tissue mobilizations
  • Splits/orthotics
  • Task specific performance analysis